Profound changes in Arctic sea-ice, a growing desire to utilize the Arctic’s abundant natural resources, and the potential competitiveness of Arctic shipping routes, all provide for increased industry marine activity throughout the Arctic Ocean. This is anticipated to result in further challenges for maritime safety. Those operating in ice-infested waters require various types of information for sea-ice and iceberg hazards. Ice information requirements depend on regional needs and whether the stakeholder wants to avoid ice all together, operate near or in the Marginal Ice Zone, or areas within the ice pack. An insight into user needs demonstrates how multiple spatial and temporal resolutions for sea-ice information and forecasts are necessary to provide information to the marine operating community for safety, planning, and situational awareness. Although ship-operators depend on sea-ice information for tactical navigation, stakeholders working in route and capacity planning can benefit from climatological and long-range forecast information at lower spatial and temporal resolutions where the interest is focused on open-water season. The advent of the Polar Code has brought with it additional information requirements, and exposed gaps in capacity and knowledge. Thus, future satellite data sources should be at resolutions that support both tactical and planning activities.
Tag Archiv: 上海狼族藏凤阁1314
Yet this all-or-nothing approach may not be to patients’ advantage First-time opioid prescriptions drop by 50 percent Pharma-to-doc marketing a vulnerability in opioid fight A nation nearer to the grave Another decline in U.S. life expectancy signals urgent need for more comprehensive strategy against opioids, suicide, specialist says Harvard-Michigan summit on issue explores addiction, policy Drug companies and distributors are facing thousands of lawsuits filed by U.S. cities, towns, and tribal governments whose communities have been ravaged by the opioid epidemic, which has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives from overdoses. Resolving all those legal actions separately is impractical, many legal experts say. Instead, lawyers for the states and attorneys general are exploring a solution that would resolve all the cases in a so-called “global deal.” Currently two drug companies and three distributors have proposed a settlement framework for such a deal worth approximately $48 billion that would include cash and medication to treat addiction. But many local governments are wary of such an arrangement, skeptical about how the money would be divided. The Gazette spoke with Alexandra Lahav, 2019-20 Matina S. Horner Distinguished Visiting Professor at Harvard’s Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and professor at the University of Connecticut who studies tort law, about how global settlements operate.Q&AAlexandra LahavGAZETTE: What is a global settlement? Do all parties involved have to sign on or agree to it?LAHAV: A global settlement is an agreement that includes everyone involved in a large-scale litigation. An example is the class action. In a class action, all the people who meet a certain description — for example, cellphone customers during a certain period — are included in the class. They are represented by a named plaintiff, and if that lawsuit reaches a settlement they would all be bound by it and not be able to sue on their own. But there are other ways to reach a global settlement as well. For example, a defendant can offer a single amount in settlement on condition that everyone who has a claim against them agrees to be part of that settlement. What makes a settlement global is that everyone or nearly everyone agrees to sign on.GAZETTE: Can you talk a bit about the discussions around crafting an agreement to settle the thousands of opioids lawsuits?LAHAV: Right now, several attorneys general have suggested a global settlement in the opioids litigation. In that case, there is a very novel settlement structure on the table. The court has certified a class action, which includes all the cities and towns in the United States. They have the option to opt out of this class. If they don’t, then they are deemed to have agreed to the following structure: When a settlement is reached, the terms will be circulated to the class. If 75 percent approve of the settlement, it will bind everyone, even the 25 percent who did not approve. This is called a “negotiated class action,” and it has never been tried before. It was the idea of a Harvard law professor, William Rubenstein, and a Duke law professor, Francis McGovern.“It seems to me there isn’t an appetite to have all of these companies go bankrupt. For example, some of them distribute a lot of drugs that people depend on,” said Alexandra Lahav. Photo by Tony RinaldoGAZETTE: What is the challenge with this type of arrangement?LAHAV: There are a few. First, will everyone agree to join this settlement structure, knowing that they will be bound by a supermajority vote? Second, what about the attorneys general who have brought separate lawsuits, many of whom have opposed this settlement structure? Also what is the relationship between the state attorney general that represents the state as a whole, and all of the state’s subdivisions? For example, let’s say all the cities and towns in Massachusetts are included in a settlement. What then is the role of Attorney General Maura Healey? Is the whole greater than the sum of its parts? I haven’t heard of anybody who knows the answer to this. It’s sort of a local government question in a way. And each state law is going to be different with respect to the power of cities and towns to sue when the state is also suing.GAZETTE: What’s the advantage of settling the lawsuits in this way?LAHAV: It’s not realistic that every case is going to go to trial. We are talking about many thousands of cases, and the system just can’t handle it. You can imagine a world where the judge holds a trial every six months, and the defendant settles one for $200 million here and another for $200 million there, and this goes on and on and on. That’s just not good for the communities, and it’s not good for the defendants. The idea behind a global settlement is to come up with something that benefits both and that resolves the dispute.GAZETTE: How would a global settlement like this compare to the Big Tobacco case in 1998?LAHAV: There are some similarities, in that both are public health crises that led to massive lawsuits. But there are also a few important differences. First, the tobacco cases were settled exclusively by state attorneys general. Here both attorneys general and individual municipalities are suing, and they have more competing interests. This makes it harder to reach a global agreement. Second, there appears to be less money available here than there was in the tobacco case, which settled for around $200 billion.GAZETTE: Do you think public anger and the desire for an admission of guilt or an apology factor into whether or not these cases end in a settlement, or are taken to trial?LAHAV: It seems to me there isn’t an appetite to have all of these companies go bankrupt. For example, some of them distribute a lot of drugs that people depend on. Others have played a relatively small role in the opioid crisis. That said, I do think people want accountability. But you know, one of the things about the American system that’s so interesting is that we do settle a lot of cases, and in most of those settlements, there is no apology, and there is no admission of liability. Instead, we sort of take the amount of money as the apology and the admission of liability, as if the dollars speak for the accountability.GAZETTE: What can be put in place in these settlements to stop similar crises from happening?LAHAV: This is a very difficult question to answer. The general theory of deterrence says that if wrongdoers are forced to pay for the harms they cause, then in the future companies considering wrongdoing will not do similar things. We hope that is the case. But it isn’t clear that a litigation can prevent the kind of regulatory failure that we saw in the opioids situation. If there is a settlement it’s likely to provide some relief to states and localities that are suffering, but it is not clear what preventative effect it will have.GAZETTE: What do you expect to happen next and what are the chances that the global settlement under consideration will be achieved?LAHAV: Right now there is a settlement proposal on the table proposed by several attorneys general for $48 billion over a period of years. But it is not clear that it will be agreed to by the lawyers for the local governments, who at the moment are opposing it. And some states have also voiced concerns. In order to reach a global settlement, that proposal would need the agreement of the lawyers representing this class of localities. I think we will see a settlement eventually, but when and for how much remains to be seen.GAZETTE: Are there specific reasons why plaintiffs like or prefer a global settlement, and why defendants prefer it?LAHAV: Defendants prefer a global settlement because they can wrap up their liability at once. This allows them to announce to the markets the scope of liability. It also gives them the opportunity to move on. Plaintiffs may prefer global settlements because they have greater leverage than they would individually to negotiate a better deal overall, but they may also feel left behind or left out, especially as they lose the power to negotiate individually.GAZETTE: Do you expect to see criminal trials in these cases? And would they also be solved with a global settlement?LAHAV: I don’t know if there will be criminal trials, but any criminal action would be completely separate from the global settlement we have been discussing. Any global settlement would only resolve civil claims against these companies.This interview was edited for clarity and condensed for space. Related Conference finds that it keeps users from seeking help, taints views of medical professionals Stigma of opioids a hurdle to solving crisis
Marian Harkin, MEPThe adoption by the European Parliament’s Agriculture and Rural Development Committee of measures to encourage organic farming in Donegal was very positive for the sector and emphasised the role which an individual MEP could play in influencing EU legislation.This was stated by Independent Marian Harkin who put forward 54 amendments to the present regulations and succeeded in having changes adopted favourable to Irish organic growers….including one with a twist!“My amendments were developed in close consultation with the Irish Organic Farmers & Growers Association and with strong support from my ALDE Group we have delivered a significantly improved basis for the development of organic farming in Ireland throughout the EU”, Marian Harkin said. An accepted Harkin amendment means that in future when Donegal growers were having difficulty in obtaining inputs, such as feed, they can now source it from a distance of 150km which would now include not just the North but Scotland too!“This is in comparison to the Commission’s Draft Report which called for much tighter restrictions for organic growers. This increased distance was achieved by eliminating the stretch of water between Ireland and the UK in the calculation of distance”, she said.The increased use of delegated acts by the European commission had been a constant problem and the changes agreed by the European Parliament had helped to reduce the power the European Commission would have with regard to the implementation of the regulation, Marian Harkin said.She continued:- “The main contentious issue was the proposal by the European Commission to introduce thresholds for pesticide residues on organic farms which might be caused by contamination from other non-organic farms. Thankfully, my amendment to eliminate this penalty on organic farmers was accepted by the Committee. This will allow organic farmers to invest in the sector without the threat of penalties from the European Commission. “The Parliament this week took a very progressive step forward to address many issues which have been inhibiting the growth of organic production to meet the ever increasing demand, and I have been very pleased at the outcome which meets the requirement of Irish growers as individuals and groups. I now hope that the negotiations with the Commission and the Council will take on board the position adopted by the Agriculture Committee”, Independent MEP Marian Harkin concluded.MEP HARKIN ‘WALKS ON WATER’ TO SECURE DEAL FOR DONEGAL ORGANIC FARMERS! was last modified: October 16th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalmarian harkinMEPorganic farmers
SUNDAY is set to be a wash-out as heavy rain and high winds batter Donegal, forecasters have said.Met Eireann has issued a Yellow Alert for the county for Sunday as a heavy band of rain sweeps across the country.The alert is in place until 6pm on Sunday evening. It follows a warm – and at times sunny day – on Saturday for much of Donegal.BBC Northern Ireland says the worst of the heavy downpours will have passed Donegal by late afternoon.However any hopes of a week of good weather before children return to school have been blown away by Met Eireann who say the rest of the week will also see high winds, showers and more rain.The heavy and persistent rain will slowly clear on Sunday night, however there will be further showery outbreaks of rain overnight. Winds will be variable in direction with very strong and gusty winds on parts of the west coast, says the forecaster. Cool and possibly windy on Monday with further showers or longer outbreaks of rain. Highest temperatures in the mid teens at best.Tuesday may turn out to be a drier day with some sunshine, but with scattered showers too. Afternoon temperatures still around the mid teens.Wednesday could start mainly dry also, but it looks like rain will develop during the day and this may turn heavy again later, with possibly strong winds as well. It will stay cool.It seems likely that the unsettled weather will continue for the second half of next week as well.Met Eireann warning in full. Rainfall Warning for Leinster, Connacht, Cavan, Monaghan and DonegalA spell of heavy and locally thundery rain, will move westwards across the Country, from the Irish Sea, later tonight and during Sunday. Some intense downpours can be expected at times. Totals of 30 to 40 mm are likely, highest over Leinster, where values on some mountains, may get up to 50mm.Valid:Sunday 23 August 2015 00:01 to Sunday 23 August 2015 18:00WEATHER WARNING AS HORRIBLE STORM SET TO HIT DONEGAL was last modified: August 22nd, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:alertdonegalwarningaweather
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Over the past few weeks on the DuPont Pioneer Field Report there has been a lot of talk about a lot of rain affecting planting, but for Account Manager Doug House’s area in North Central Ohio it is a lack of rain that is causing concern in June. The Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins has more.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest David Booth Combine Product Specialist with Case IH goes over a quick refresher on adjusting your Case Rotary combine to achieve optimum performance this fall.
Kolkata: In a significant stride towards encouraging more e-vehicles in New Town, the New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA) has come up with as many as 10 charging points at strategic locations.All electric vehicle owners (2, 3 or 4 wheelers) suffer from “charge anxiety,” where there is a worry about what would happen if charge suddenly runs out. “We hope this move will encourage more and more people to use e-vehicles,” NKDA chairman Debashis Sen said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeNew Town has already achieved the status of a Gold Rate certified Green City and has got the certificate from IGBC (Indian Green Building Council) recently. It is a city under the state government’s Green City Mission.The move is a part of NKDA’s sustained efforts to reduce carbon emissions and move towards a cleaner, greener sustainable environment.The charging stations have been installed mostly near parking zones, so that the e-vehicles can get charged while waiting. Sations have been put up at parking lots near Rabindra Tirtha, Tata Medical Centre, Nazrul Tirtha, Gates 1/4/6 of Eco Park, Café Ekante, Axis Mall, Eco Urban Village and Central Mall. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIn addition, Indian Oil’s COCO (Company Operated Company Owned) smart outlet at Action Area 3 also has electric vehicle charging units.There are also three heavy duty charging stations located at the bus terminal near Pride Hotel, AA3 bus-stand near Sukhobristi and Eco Urban Village in AA2, for running the electric buses.New Town has three electric AC buses running successfully for the last four months, with more than 35,000 passengers using their services already. New Town also has e-rickshaw stands and in the Bengalathon 2019 contest, NKDA had stated that they are also looking at an app to have totos on call.It may be mentioned that totos have emerged as a prominent mode of transport for last mile connectivity across the state and New Town is no exception. “We feel that there are fewer e-vehicles as there are no charging stations. There are no charging stations because there is no demand from e-vehicles. So we have come up with a good number of charging stations to address this chicken-n-egg problem,” the official added.
Patreon, a popular crowdfunding platform published a post yesterday in defense of its removal of Sargon of Akkad or Carl Benjamin, an English YouTuber famous for his anti-feminist content, last week, over the concerns of him violating its policies on hate speech. Patreon has been receiving backlash ever since from the users and patrons of the website who are calling for a boycott. “Patreon does not and will not condone hate speech in any of its forms. We stand by our policies against hate speech. We believe it’s essential for Patreon to have strong policies against hate speech to build a safe community for our creators and their patrons”, says the Patreon team. Patreon mentioned that it reviews the creations posted by the content creators on other platforms that are funded via Patreon. Since Benjamin is quite popular for his collaborations with other creators, Patreon’s community guidelines, which strictly prohibits hate speech also get applied to those collaborations. According to Patreon’s community guidelines, “Hate speech includes serious attacks, or even negative generalizations, of people based on their race [and] sexual orientation.” Benjamin in one of his interviews on another YouTuber’s channel used racial slurs linked with “negative generalizations of behavior” quite contrasting to how people of those races actually act, to insult others. Apart from using racial slurs, he also used sexual orientation related slurs which violates Patreon’s community guidelines. However, a lot of people are not happy with Patreon’s decision. For instance, Sam Harris, a popular American author, podcast host, and neuroscientist, who had one of the top-grossing accounts (with nearly 9,000 paying patrons at the end of November) on Patreon deleted his account earlier this week, accusing the platform of “political bias”. He wrote “the crowdfunding site Patreon has banned several prominent content creators from its platform. While the company insists that each was in violation of its terms of service, these recent expulsions seem more readily explained by political bias. I consider it no longer tenable to expose any part of my podcast funding to the whims of Patreon’s ‘Trust and Safety” committee’”. Apart from banning Carl Benjamin, Patreon also banned Milo Yiannopoulos, a British public speaker and YouTuber with over 839,286 subscribers earlier this month over his association with the Proud Boys, which Patreon has classified as a hate group. James Allsup, an alt-right political commentator, and associate of Yiannopoulus’, was also banned from Patreon last month for their association with hate groups.Amidst this controversy, some of the top Patreon creators such as Jordan Peterson, a popular Canadian clinical psychologist whose YouTube channel has over 1.6 M subscribers and Dave Rubin, an American libertarian political commentator announced their plans of starting an alternative to Patreon, earlier this week. Peterson said that the new platform will work on a subscriber model similar to Patreon’s, only with few additional features. “We understand some people don’t believe in the concept of hate speech and don’t agree with Patreon removing creators on the grounds of violating our Community Guidelines for using hate speech. We have a different view,” says the Patreon team. Read Next Emmanuel Macron teams up with Facebook in a bid to fight hate speech on social media Twitter takes action towards dehumanizing speech with its new policy How IRA hacked American democracy using social media and meme warfare to promote disinformation and polarization: A new report to Senate Intelligence Committee