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Mexico beats defending champion Germany 1-0 at World Cup

first_imgView comments Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Weinstein rape trial Mexico supporters outnumbered Germany fans at the Luzhniki Stadium and made almost all of the noise, roaring their team forward.Lozano, a 22-year-old forward from the Dutch league nicknamed “Chucky,” got Mexico going with a deflected shot over the bar in the first minute. That set the tone for Mexico to torment Germany on the counterattack, with Lozano taking full advantage of right back Joshua Kimmich’s tendency to go forward.In his first competitive start since Sept. 16 because of injury, Neuer was kept busy saving a stinging long shot from Hector Herrera in the 10th, then a header shortly after a free kick.Timo Werner could have scored when he picked up a ball near the penalty spot, but his shot went straight to Ochoa.With key players tiring in the second half, Mexico pulled back and substituted both Lozano and Carlos Vela. Germany then dominated but when it broke through the Mexican defense, the shooting was poor.ADVERTISEMENT DepEd’s Taal challenge: 30K students displaced Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award LATEST STORIES Dave Chappelle donates P1 million to Taal relief operations Mexico’s Hirving Lozano, celebrates scoring his side’s opening goal during the group F match between Germany and Mexico at the 2018 soccer World Cup in the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia, Sunday, June 17, 2018. (AP Photo/Antonio Calanni)MOSCOW  — Germany became the third defending champion in the last 16 years to lose its opening match at the World Cup, falling to Mexico 1-0 Sunday.Hirving Lozano scored the lone goal in the 35th minute, picking up Javier Hernandez’s pass inside the penalty area and beating Mesut Ozil before shooting past Manuel Neuer from 10 yards.ADVERTISEMENT “I don’t know if it’s the biggest victory in (Mexico’s) history, but one of the biggest for sure,” Lozano said. “It’s great to start on the right foot when you are playing the world champions.”France in 2002 and Spain in 2014 were the other defending champions to lose their opening matches. Neither of those teams advanced from the group stage.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownAfter Lozano’s goal, Mexico goalkeeper Guillermo Ochoa pulled off a spectacular save to keep the score even, palming Toni Kroos’ shot onto the crossbar.The Germans are bidding to become the first team to retain the World Cup title since Brazil in 1962. They hadn’t lost an opening game since the then-West Germany succumbed 2-1 to Algeria in 1982.center_img In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding MOST READ Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Panama coach blunt and honest before World Cup debut Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Seeking defensive reinforcement, Mexico coach Juan Carlos Osorio brought on 39-year-old veteran Rafael Marquez to play in his fifth World Cup.KEYS TO SUCCESSKimmich’s charging runs far up the field can be a blessing and a curse for Germany.Lozano reveled in the space left for him on Mexico’s left flank and was a constant threat on the counterattack. Kimmich’s absence meant Ozil was left trying to stop Lozano for Mexico’s opening goal.Germany registered 25 shots to Mexico’s 12, but many were from long range and failed to seriously test Ochoa.GROUP DYNAMICSGermany needs points from matches against Sweden on Saturday and South Korea on June 27 to avoid elimination.Mexico’s next opponent is South Korea. China population now over 1.4 billion as birthrate falls Winfrey details her decision to withdraw from Simmons filmlast_img read more

Inner Ear Hair Cells Overcome Friction

first_img The human ear has an extraordinarily large sensitivity range of a trillion to one, allowing us to hear a rocket launch or the footfalls of a cat on a carpet.  According to Werner Gitt, the ear is our highest-precision sense organ, capable of responding over twelve orders of magnitude without switching (The Wonder of Man, p.21).  Some of this sensitivity is amplified by the eardrum and middle ear ossicles, but the paper reported above shows even more fine-tuning inside the cochlea.  Gitt’s book is highly recommended for generating a profound feeling of awe over the design of our senses.  Proverbs said, “The seeing eye, and the hearing ear, the Lord has made them both” (Prov. 20:12).(Visited 48 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The cochlea, that spiral-shaped structure in the inner ear, is filled with fluid.  In this fluid, tiny hair cells called stereocilia are positioned in bundles along the length of the structure.  These bundles sense vibrations transmitted into the fluid from the bony levers of the inner ear.  The vibrations picked up by the hair cell bundles, each tuned to its own frequency, mechanically transduce the sound impulses by opening ion channels that set up electrical impulses in the auditory nerve, that travel to the brain.  But motion in fluid creates friction known as viscous drag.  How do the hair cell bundles overcome it?  Scientists have figured out that the hair cells in the bundles are not only finely tuned to reduce viscous drag, but actually to employ it for even higher sensitivity to sound. Publishing in Nature,1 scientists from Howard Hughes Medical Institute, with help from European academies, explained the problem of viscous drag, and two ways the ear deals with it: The detection of sound begins when energy derived from an acoustic stimulus deflects the hair bundles on top of hair cells.  As hair bundles move, the viscous friction between stereocilia and the surrounding liquid poses a fundamental physical challenge to the ear’s high sensitivity and sharp frequency selectivity. Part of the solution to this problem lies in the active process that uses energy for frequency-selective sound amplification.  Here we demonstrate that a complementary part of the solution involves the fluid-structure interaction between the liquid within the hair bundle and the stereocilia. What they found is that the positioning of the individual stereocilia causes them to move in concert, so that viscous drag within the bundle is dramatically reduced: “We find that the close apposition of stereocilia effectively immobilizes the liquid between them, which reduces the drag and suppresses the relative squeezing but not the sliding mode of stereociliary motion.”  They can thus slide as the bundle bends without stirring up the liquid.  Further, “The obliquely oriented tip links couple the mechanotransduction channels to this least dissipative coherent mode, whereas the elastic horizontal top connectors that stabilize the structure further reduce the drag.”  The relative motion is reduced to just a fraction of a billionth of a meter (nanometer). Their opening paragraph provides a picturesque view of the workings of this remarkable organ: A hair bundle is a microscopic array of quasi-rigid, cylindrical stereocilia separated by small gaps filled with viscous endolymph. Like an array of organ pipes, the stereocilia vary monotonically in length across the hair bundle…. The tip of each short stereocilium is attached to the side of the longest adjacent stereocilium by a tip link, the tension in which controls the opening and closing of transduction channels. Adjacent stereocilia are also interconnected along all three hexagonal axes by horizontal top connectors. At the tall edge of the bundle in many species stands a single kinocilium, the process to which mechanical stimuli are applied and that is ligated to the adjacent stereocilia by kinociliary links. Why are the stereocilia arranged in bundles?  “The small difference between the drag coefficients for a single stereocilium and for an entire hair bundle reveals the striking advantage that grouping stereocilia in a tightly packed array offers to the auditory system.”  Using models from a bullfrog inner ear magnified 12,000 times and various mathematical techniques, they were able to measure the viscous drag of the coherently-arranged stereocilia.  Their conclusion explains how the findings contribute to understanding the remarkable sensitivity of the ear: In conclusion, because all stereocilia and the liquid between them move in unison over the whole auditory spectrum, with the relative motions apparent only on a sub-nanometre scale, most stereocilia inside the hair bundle are shielded from the external liquid and experience little viscous drag. Although viscous forces might be thought to impair sensitivity and frequency selectivity, the hair bundle’s structure actually minimizes energy dissipation, making it easier for the active process to keep the ear tuned. The tight clustering of stereocilia even transforms liquid viscosity into an asset by using it as a simple means of activating numerous mechanosensitive ion channels in concert. The authors made no attempt to explain how this arrangement might have evolved.  1. Koslov, Baumgart et al., “Forces between clustered stereocilia minimize friction in the ear on a subnanometre scale,” Nature  474   (16 June 2011), pp. 376–379, doi:10.1038/nature10073.last_img read more

Breast cancer is on the agenda

first_imgThe above infographic disproves some of the myths people believe about breast cancer and the threats it poses. (Image: Brand South Africa)Breast cancer awareness month is under way this month in South Africa and the rest of the world, when organisations, corporations and the public help to spread awareness and information about the disease.Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among South African women and the second most prevalent of all cancers among women of all races around the world. Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common form of cancer.According to the 2009 National Cancer Registry, one in 33 South African women will suffer from breast cancer at some point during their lives.“The designation of October as Breast Cancer Awareness Month in South Africa reflects a nationwide drive by public and private health care structures to raise awareness of this debilitating disease across all races and class structures,” the Department of Health said in announcing the event.With health care forming an integral part of South Africa’s National Development Plan (NDP) it is important that South Africans are informed about how to ensure their wellbeing as well as of those for whom they are responsible.Raising awareness of breast cancer and arming people with a working knowledge of the disease ties in with meeting the NDP’s health care pillar.“The only way we are going to address women’s sexual and reproductive health, including cervical and breast cancer, HIV and Aids and TB, is to ensure that policies, programmes and services are integrated,” said Thobeka Madiba-Zuma, South Africa’s first lady.Madiba-Zuma was speaking in New York City on 27 and 28 September, where she used her attendance at the 70th session of the United Nation General Assembly to promote women’s health awareness. “It is my responsibility to the people of South Africa to ensure that women’s sexual and reproductive health is kept high on the national and global agenda.”AT RISKMany people believe that they have no risk of breast cancer for a number of reasons, such as the idea that if there is no known history of the disease in their family, they will not get it. Although having a history of breast cancer in your family does increase your chances of developing the disease, however, the absence of cancer in your family does not mean you are not at risk.Many people are under the impression that breast cancer is only a threat to women; contrary to popular belief, men can contract the disease as well, although they are less likely to do so than women. One in 1 249 men worldwide will get breast cancer during their lifetimes.This is because men have far less breast tissue than women and thus run less of a risk of developing cancerous cells in their breast – but that does not mean it cannot happen.Regular examination, done yourself or by a professional, as well as mammograms can go a long way to avoiding the complications inherent in late discovery of breast cancer. (Image: ICON)EARLY DIAGNOSISThroughout October, organisations such as Cansa and the Pink Drive are raising awareness of the disease. They are encouraging people to care for their health as well as support those who have the illness.Best health practices are promoted during breast cancer awareness month, and people are encouraged to undergo regular routine checks to identify the development of cancerous cells early on and take measures to reduce risk.“Early diagnosis gives the cancer patient a higher chance of complete cure and less extensive surgery,” explains Dr Sheldon Godinho, the president of the Radiological Society of South Africa. “Early detection is a critically important factor in winning the battle against breast cancer.”Regular examination, done yourself or by a professional, as well as mammograms can go a long way to avoiding the complications inherent in late discovery of breast cancer.As International Breast Cancer Month continues through October, people of all ages and genders should take the time to support those suffering from breast cancer and ensure their own health and wellness.last_img read more

How to Jailbreak iOS 4.2.1 on iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch

first_imgWindows 7 or Vista: C:[username]AppDataRoamingApple ComputeriTunesiPad Software Updates (or iPhone/iPod Software Updates) Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#Apple#Features#How To#NYT#web Windows XP: C:Documents and Settings[username]Application DataApple ComputeriTunesiPad Software Updates (or iPhone/iPod Software Updates)Redsn0w should now say that the IPSW file was successfully identified. On the following screen, check “Install Cydia” then click “Next.”With the iOS device powered off and plugged into the computer, click “Next” again.Redsn0w will now provide instructions on how to put your device into DFU mode. This is a combination of key presses, that are as follows: Hold the Power button for 1 second, then without releasing it, hold the Home button for 10 seconds. Finally, release Power but keep holding Home for 15 seconds.One in DFU mode, the jailbreak will proceed automatically.Compatibility notes: This jailbreak works on all devices. On iPhone 4, iPod Touch 3 and 4, iPad and iPod Touch 2 (MC model) it will be tethered. On iPhone 3G, iPhone 3GS (older bootroom), and iPod Touch 2 (older model) it’s not tethered. iPhone unlockers should NOT jailbreak!As always, please proceed with jailbreaking at your own risk. Although relatively easy, it is a form of hacking and things can go wrong, break, crash or just not work at all. Back up your iOS device before jailbreaking in case you need to restore and make sure that critical data (contacts, notes, etc.) is also safely stored elsewhere than on your PC. sarah perez Related Posts center_img On Monday, Apple shipped its long-awaited iOS 4.2.1 update for the iPad, iPhone and iPod Touch, which was the first major upgrade for the iPad since its launch earlier this year. Finally, iPad users have access to features like multitasking, app folders, threaded messaging and a Unified Inbox, thanks to this update. It also delivered new features called AirPrint and AirPlay to all iOS devices, the former for printing from mobile devices and the latter for streaming between mobile devices and Apple TV or other AirPlay-enabled hardware.But for iPhone jailbreakers, there’s only one question that comes to mind when a new upgrade is released: can you jailbreak it?The answer this time is yes you can – and there’s no waiting to do so! However, iPhone users may want to hold off on this one. Here’s why: Although the 4.2.1 software can be jailbroken using the iPhone Dev Team’s redsn0w hacking tool, this time around it’s what’s known as a “tethered” jailbreak, at least on newer Apple devices. What that means is that if your phone ever loses power or you need to reboot your device, you have to connect it to your computer (i.e. “tether” it) in order to keep the device jailbroken. Failure to do so will result in the device resetting to an un-jailbroken state. If, for some reason, you aren’t able to reboot the device while tethered, you can still recover your jailbreak by connecting it again to your computer and then booting it using redsn0w.Simply put, it’s a huge pain.So unless you really need 4.2.1’s AirPlay or AirPrint features, we would suggest iPhone users hold off on this one, as an untethered (read: “normal”) jailbreak is in the works now. Being “tethered” is less of a hassle on iPod Touch and iPad, however, as maintaining a jailbreak isn’t as mission-critical on these devices. Nor are these devices as likely to be completely drained of battery juice like the iPhone is, especially if you make a lot of phone calls. In other words, it’s up to you on this one – jailbreak if you must or wait to upgrade.The good news is that you can still upgrade your iPad to iOS 4.2.1 to take advantage of all the new features but not have to install the same software on your iPhone. iTunes will prompt you when you connect an iPad to your computer to upgrade and you can proceed normally. When you connect your iPhone, you can just say “no” to the same prompt with no harm done. You can continue using your iPhone as usual, syncing files, etc., while still maintaining the jailbreak you already have.However, if you’re determined to proceed with the jailbreak, despite our warnings, here’s how you do it:Download the redsn0w software: Mac or Windows version (more mirrors are listed on the Dev Team blog)Upgrade to iTunes 10.1 if you haven’t already.Install the iOS 4.2.1 firmware via iTunes as usual.Run the redsn0w software executable.Redsn0w will ask you to select your IPSW file for your current firmware. Point it to one of the following, depending on your OS:Mac OS X: /~/Library/iTunes/iPad Software Updates (or iPhone/iPod Software Updates, as the case may be) Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

LEED-H Clarifications Raise More Questions Than They Answer

first_imgIn a post from last summer on LEED for Homes, I mused on the ineffectiveness and confusion surrounding the required Durability Planning process, the preparation of a project-specific Durability Checklist, and third-party inspection of this work.The general consensus among green raters I know is that the entire Durability Planning process in LEED for Homes is confusing, arbitrary, and extremely difficult for most construction teams to get their heads around. Each project team is supposed to fill out a risk assessment form that ranks each principal durability risk as either low, medium, or high, based on the project design and climate. Issues to be ranked include Exterior Water, Interior Moisture Loads, Air Infiltration, Interstitial Condensation, Heat Loss, Ultraviolet Radiation, Pests, and Natural Disasters.While each issue is critical in high-performance homes, I believe that asking the project team to assess the risk level of each and then come up with lists of specific measures to alleviate these risks is counterproductive to creating durable buildings. RELATED ARTICLES GBA Encyclopedia: LEED for HomesWhy Is the U.S. Green Building Council So Out of Touch?It’s 2012 — Do You Know Where Your LEED for Homes Is?How to Cheat* at LEED for HomesNew Urbanist Andres Duany Lashes Out at LEEDGreen Building Programs Got Some ’Splainin’ to DoEqual-Opportunity Feather Ruffling Almost all other green building programs have checklists of requirements and extra-point items that address durability. Simple process: You do it, check it off, meet the prerequisites or get your points. But not LEED for Homes. They need to create a “process” that the team must go through to make sure that the specific items they include in their project match the specific needs of the project and the climate.In theory, this process may be good, but in practice, teams typically miss critical items, include excessive amounts of items that are marginally effective, and throw in a few that don’t relate to the specific risk. The amount of time spent addressing the durability plan often exceeds the value it brings to a project.In case you didn’t think it was complicated enoughSo, I was on a LEED for Homes conference call this week that included an extended discussion of new clarifications on the Durability Planning process bestowed on us from the USGBC gods in Washington, D.C. The durability plan can provide a bonus of three full points for project teams if they are able to have all their listed measures verified by a third party.The new ruling determines that to obtain the third-party verification points, the Durability Inspection Checklist must have at least 18 to 20 specific items on it (excluding up to six prerequisites that are required to be on the list anyway). So, you now must figure out how to distinguish between prerequisites and regular durability measures, assemble the list with not too many but not too few items on it, and make sure that all of them are independently verified to get your extra points.Almost no one understood it before, so why complicate it further?I have to admit that trying to explain to project teams how to create their durability forms, and reviewing them for accuracy during the process, verges on the comical. In theory, engaging the team to work together to come up with high-performance building specifications is an intriguing idea; in practice, it is like trying to herd cats and ducks together, all of whom would rather be out doing what they normally do. Most green raters are just beginning to get their under-educated project teams to figure out this particular process, when BOOM! The USGBC adds this extra layer of complexity on it.Why can’t they just act like other programs and put together a list of measures to use if they apply to your project? I do believe that most of the people working in D.C. are well-intentioned and honestly do want to make the program better, but there seems to be a lack of focus and leadership when edicts come down that do little more than make minor adjustments and add layers of complexity.It reminds me of doctors who prescribe medicine for one condition, which creates side effects, for which they prescribe another medicine. Eventually, most of the medications are only taken to correct side effects, and no one ever considers taking a holistic view of the situation.I feel like every ruling that comes down from the USGBC is designed to correct a small problem, usually creating other unintended consequences of its own, which then need to be fixed with another ruling. When will someone take a step back and give this program the big-picture overview that it desperately deserves?One final rantI also learned that the USGBC is planning to develop an online checklist for the LEED for Homes program, apparently modeled after the NAHB scoring sheet for their green building program. Anyone who has been following me for a while probably has heard me whine about that online scoring tool. While it is comprehensive and lacks many of the obtuse complexities of the LEED checklist, it is so painfully slow that it makes the NAHB program more rather than less difficult to manage. Incidentally, the NAHB has just come out with an offline, Excel-based version of their checklist, which works quite well, due mostly to push-back from verifiers including myself.While there is no love lost for the LEED for Homes Excel spreadsheet, I am really concerned that, based on previous behavior, moving this particular part of the program to an online tool — if it isn’t thought through completely and systemically from the very beginning — may very possibly make things worse, rather than better.I once saw some brilliant graffiti at a bar: “Eschew obfuscation.” We would all be well served if this was taken to heart.last_img read more

Four injured in clash outside Hisar eatery

first_imgFour people were injured in a fight between some law students and a family outside a restaurant here, the police said on Sunday as the Akali Dal and the local Bar Association took sides over the clash. Shiromani Akali Dal president Sukhbir Singh Badal condemned the alleged attack on the Sikh family and urged Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar to intervene in the matter. The District Bar Association has demanded action against the family members. The two groups allegedly fought after coming out of the restaurant on Thursday night, leading to injuries to both sides. According to a complaint filed by the family, the law students misbehaved with them and hurt their religious sentiments. But the four students accused the family of attacking them with sharp-edged weapons. Counter FIRs were registered in the case, the police said. On a complaint filed by Akash, who is also a lawyer’s son, the police registered a case under the Indian Penal Code sections relating to attempt to murder and voluntarily causing hurt against Joginder Singh, Tarnpreet Singh and two others. On the family’s complaint, the police registered a case under sections relating to promoting enmity between different groups, voluntarily causing hurt and assault with the intent to outrage the modesty of a woman. Both sides met the Superintendent of Police and demanded action. The District Bar Association held a meeting on Sunday and demanded immediate arrests in the case. Sikh representatives from Hisar, Chandigarh and Delhi met here in a gurdwara, demanding cancellation of the attempt to murder case against the family. They also wanted the SHO of the local police station sacked. Mr. Badal issued a statement and asked Mr. Khattar to take appropriate action.last_img read more

Indian boxer Thapa eager to clinch a medal

first_imgAt an age when youngsters usually prepare to take admission in colleges, Shiva Thapa, the youngest Indian boxer to qualify for the Olympics, has a much bigger task to handle.When the quadrennial sports extravaganza begins in London next month, Thapa, 18, will be one of the boxers touted as a strong medal prospect, that too in a category (56kg category) which is considered as the most competitive in the sport.Thapa is aware of the enormity of the task he is expected to handle in London. But he says philosophically he will deliver his 100 per cent and the rewards will automatically come his way.”Every Olympian goes into the Olympics with an aim to win a medal and my target is also the same. Whenever in the ring, I give my 100 per cent and that has always helped me achieve whatever I have so far. I’ll do the same thing at the Olympics and I believe if I play up to my potential I can get a reward in form of a medal,” Thapa told Mail Today.Does he feel nervous going into the Olympics at 18? “It’s going to be my first Olympics, but there’s always a first time in whatever you do. I’m not nervous, but determine to do my best and leave the best impression,” he said.”Before the qualification my father used to say that 18 is too young an age to qualify for the Olympics. But I told him that at this age boxers have won Olympic gold. I take inspiration from young achievers in order to keep my morale high,” he said.advertisementThapa first hogged headlines when he won the silver at the Youth World Championships and the Youth Olympic Games in 2010. Then, in his first senior tournament in 2011 in Belgrade, Serbia, he created a bigger flutter by showing the door to world champion Delakliev Detelin of Bulgaria on way to clinching the gold.The victory made him a sensation. When seasoned boxerAkhil Kumar failed to make it to the Olympics in the first qualifying tournament, the Indian Boxing Federation selected Thapa for the second and the final qualifier. In one of his most inspiring display of talent, he upset a stellar field and qualified for the Olympics with a gold medal.Thapa says he will not let such victories go in vain and will take an inspiration from them. “I have beaten some of the toughest boxers and that has given me a psychological edge at a young age. I am sure I won’t feel nervous if I fight against them in London. But I am not complacent. I know those who I beat are eager to take revenge. So, I’m doing my level best to prepare.”With less than 40 days to go for the Games, he is trying to avoid all kind of distractions. “Qualifying for the Olympics is bound to attract a lot of attention and a lot of people want to communicate with me. But, for the time being, I want to have limited interaction with the outside world as it will help me keep the preparations on track,” he said.To give his preparations finishing touches, Thapa, as part of the India team, is now in Dublin, Ireland, on a training-cum-competition trip. After spending a few days at home, the team will go to London. “Ireland and London trips are very timely. Since both the places have cold weather, the trips are expected to help us adjust to the local conditions that we are expecting during the Olympics,” he said.It will be interesting to see if Thapa becomes the youngest Indian medallist in boxing – and make history.last_img read more

Rep Howrylak introduces proposal to increase transparency in Michigan public universities

first_img State Rep. Martin Howrylak last week introduced a bipartisan measure requiring the governing boards of Michigan’s public universities to open all of their meetings to the public.“Currently, the state constitution is interpreted to allow the governing boards of public universities to decide when to hold formal and informal sessions,” said Rep. Howrylak, R-Troy. “It’s unfair to Michigan citizens and students that university board members can avoid the public eye and hold secret meetings. While it’s sometimes difficult to have to face the public when making tough decisions, it’s a moral obligation of elected officials to ensure that their actions are made in a public forum.”Rep. Howrylak said informal meetings allow public university governing boards to meet in private with a voting quorum in order to make collective decisions without the input of the public. House Joint Resolution O will add language to the constitution to ensure that these meetings are subject to the Open Meetings Act.Rep. Howrylak said: “This amendment will not only increase transparency and accountability in our public universities, but it will also hold our universities’ governing boards to the same standards as other elected officials in Michigan. This will help ensure that the boards partner with residents and students in crafting the highest quality public policy.”The constitutional amendment requires approval from two-thirds of the members in both the House and the Senate. Upon receiving the necessary votes from the Legislature, the measure would be decided upon by Michigan citizens via ballot proposal.HJR O has been referred to the Committee on Oversight and Ethics for consideration.### Categories: Howrylak News 24Apr Rep. Howrylak introduces proposal to increase transparency in Michigan public universitieslast_img read more

Mindfulness may reduce depression symptoms for mothers with opioid use disorder

first_imgThe women treated through the MATER program at Jefferson have often experienced a number of traumatic events in their lives, or are dealing with ongoing traumas. We suspected that learning to put aside the parts of their lives that they can’t control, and focusing on the present, where they do have agency, could help these women with psychosocial needs that medications alone cannot address.”First author Karen Alexander, RN, PhD, Assistant Professor in Jefferson’s College of Nursing. On a more basic level, the research team also wanted to test whether the intervention was a feasible goal for patients who are typically juggling a number of competing stresses. “We knew a mindfulness-based intervention could be beneficial, but we didn’t know if it would be doable for this population,” says Dr. Alexander.Women with opioid use disorders tend to experience more severe depression symptoms than the general population. Nearly half of the women had high levels of depression symptoms when they enrolled in the study. “It was telling to see 45 percent of the women scored in the moderate to severe depression symptom range,” says Dr. Alexander. Only about 10 percent of the general population typically exhibits such depression ratings.As part of the “Practicing Safety Mindfulness Project for Mothers in Drug Treatment,” funded by the Department of Health and Human Services, women were recruited who were receiving methadone for opioid use disorder and who were at least 28 weeks pregnant or the mother of a child under three years old. Women could choose to enroll in the intervention program or participate in the control group.Related StoriesTeens who can describe negative emotions are better protected against depressionExploring how schizophrenia and depression are related to drug consumptionCPAP treatment for sleep apnea can improve depression symptomsWomen in the intervention attended a two-hour mindfulness-based parenting class every week for 12 weeks. Two mindfulness-based stress reduction educators and a therapeutic counselor ran the classes and childcare was provided during the sessions.In class, women practiced meditation, participated in group discussions, and built skills related to self-care and parenting. They learned communication skills as well as parenting techniques. Educators also helped participants form realistic expectations for the developmental age of their children.To facilitate at-home practice, participants received an Apple iPod Nano with guided stretching, yoga, relaxation exercises and meditations. They also received weekly email and text reminders that reinforced the class content.Participants’ children joined in for three of the classes and engaged in mindful play. During these sessions, instructors offered parenting feedback and positive guidance. At the end of the 12 weeks, a celebration recognized participants’ commitment to self-care and healthy parenting.Women who participated in the intervention reported a decrease in depression symptoms and this decrease was most significant for the mothers who entered the study with moderate to severe depression symptoms, Dr. Alexander and team found.”This was a really great intervention to be able to address the mental health needs of these moms without adding in pharmacology,” says Dr. Alexander.The results show a mindfulness-based parenting intervention is a practical alternative to pharmaceutical treatment that can alleviate depression symptoms in this population.”More comprehensive approaches need to be tested,” says senior author on the study Dr. Abatemarco, who is also a professor in the departments of OB/GYN and Pediatrics at Sidney Kimmel Medical College. “Rather than presuming medications alone can treat opioid use, we need to look at behavioral treatment options as well.”Source:Thomas Jefferson UniversityJournal reference:Alexander, K. et al. (2019) Implementation of a Mindfulness Intervention for Women in Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder and Its Effects on Depression Symptoms. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2019.1585499 Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)May 21 2019Mothers with opioid use disorder face many challenges as they work towards a more stable life for themselves and their children, depression not least among them. But medical interventions for depression can interfere with treatments for opioid addiction.New research from Jefferson (Philadelphia University + Thomas Jefferson University) shows that participation in a mindfulness-based parenting intervention may reduce depression symptoms for mothers in treatment for opioid use disorder. The work was published in Issues in Mental Health Nursing May 17th.Mindfulness, a kind of meditation practice in which participants reflect on the present moment without judgment, has been shown to decrease stress and anxiety as well as depression in the general population. In other studies, mindfulness also improved depression symptoms in parents of children with autism, parents of children with severe medical needs and parents of challenging adolescents. Brought to Jefferson’s MATER (Maternal Addiction Treatment Education & Research) program by its current director, Diane Abatemarco, PhD, the practice is thought to facilitate improved well-being by focusing on the present, thereby breaking cycles of negative thought brought about by dwelling on the past or worrying about the future, which can lead to stress and anxiety.Researchers examined whether a mindfulness-based parenting intervention could help mothers in treatment for opioid use disorder.last_img read more