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Evolution Is Not a Designer

first_imgFrom Richard Dawkins to new prizewinning engineers, scientists get natural selection all wrong.Artificial selection is not natural selection. They are, in fact, opposites. True, Charles Darwin leaped from artificial to natural selection, but the former has purposeful goals, while the latter has none. It is the very mindlessness of natural selection that is its key characteristic. Adaptations, whatever form they take, are accidental; they are unintended. For this reason, the following are oxymorons:Evolutionary designEvolutionary engineeringDirected evolutionThese terms, if they mean anything, are synonyms for artificial selection, not natural selection. In fact, Darwin wrestled with his term natural selection because it seemed to personify what he considered an aimless, blind process. Yet scientists and reporters continue to confuse the two. Here are recent examples.Evolutionary DesignerThe BBC News proudly announced that  “US engineer Frances Arnold has won the Millennium Technology Prize for pioneering ‘directed evolution’.” What she did was randomize stretches of DNA, seeking to identify new functional enzymes. She knows she was doing artificial selection (a form of intelligent design), because she compared it to breeding: it’s “pretty much like we’ve done for cats, dogs, cows, chickens, you name it.” Her “directed evolution” could not be further from natural selection conceptually, but the article completely blurs the two:By driving a sped-up version of natural selection in the lab, the method has created new enzymes for industrial catalysts, household detergents, and even to make rocket fuel from sugar….“Evolution, to me, is the best designer of all time. And I figured out that this should be the algorithm for forward design, for making new biological code that is useful to humans,” Prof Arnold said….With her engineering background, Prof Arnold wanted to make new, useful, problem-solving proteins. So she took her cue from the way nature does the same thing.“I looked at it and said, well, nature didn’t actually design enzymes… How does this happen? You make mutations randomly, you look through a large number of things for the ones that have the properties you’re interested in, then you repeat the process.Natural selection is so misleading a term, Darwin later chose “survival of the fittest” as closer to what he meant. Some evolutionists picture the environment as a selector. Others view survival as a selector. These are both logical fallacies. Neither the environment or survival can select, because neither has foresight, mind, or goals. Whatever happens, nobody cares. Norman Macbeth wrote in 1971, “A process that operates invisibly, with an intensity that cannot be observed and with no ability to explain specific problems, an impersonal process that is continually given personal qualities—this sets my teeth on edge” (Darwin Retried: An Appeal to Reason, p. 46).Selfish GenesRichard Dawkins personified evolution famously with his “selfish gene” concept 40 years ago. Has he grown wiser since then? Apparently not; the BBC News interviewed him, and he’s still clinging to that and his other famous personification, “the blind watchmaker.” Jonathan Webb titles his article, “The gene’s still selfish: Dawkins’ famous idea turns 40.” Does Dawkins clarify these personifications and render them in purely materialistic terms?“If you ask what is this adaptation good for, why does the animal do this – have a red crest, or whatever it is – the answer is always, for the good of the genes that made it. That is the central message of the Selfish Gene and that remains true, and reinforced.”Jonathan Webb never contradicts these misleading statements. He joins in the fun of watching intelligently-designed software tools guiding random changes toward higher goals according to rules chosen by the programmer. Like Darwin long ago, Webb and Dawkins leap from artificial to natural selection, as if the two are one and the same running at different rates (natural selection being slower). But so-called “evolutionary computing” or “evolutionary algorithms” are not evolutionary in the Darwinian sense. The designer pulls good things out of randomness, recognizing what is desirable and what is not.From there, Webb lets Dawkins speak his mind about his pet peeve: religion. Neither of them were of a mind to upset their fun by letting a qualified Darwin skeptic in the room.This is what we’re up against, folks; the leading advocates of a materialistic worldview who don’t even understand their own theory. Read the quotes again at the end of “Time to Ditch Natural Selection?” (10/03/15). A few notable thinkers have realized the illogic of natural selection, blind watchmakers, and selfish genes.We all know what the human mind can achieve with breeding. Even if there is some random variation thrown in, the chief difference is the direction toward a goal supervised by the breeder’s intelligence. Intelligent designers can pull good things out of randomness because they know what they want and how to get it.No such direction is provided by so-called “natural selection”—one of the most misleading phrases ever concocted. The environment doesn’t select; it couldn’t care less what happens. It changes randomly as much as mutations are random. Natural laws don’t select; they produce the same outcomes, not a propensity toward building brains, wings, and eyes. Mutations don’t select, obviously. Everything is blind; everything is chance! Darwin’s theory is a dressed-up version of the Stuff Happens Law: the antithesis of science.So here we have the fulcrum of secular materialistic civilization resting on nothing but the shifting sands of chance. And yet evolutionists position themselves as the champions of logic, spitting on the “people of faith” far beneath them. Did humanity ever get things so backward, calling good evil, and evil good?Yes; twice: in the garden, and at the cross. (Visited 152 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Assess winter wheat before harvest

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The spring of 2017 has created many challenges for winter wheat growers. As wheat harvest begins across the eastern Corn Belt, producers should keep an eye out for potential problems that may cause yield loss and impact grain quality. Growers have observed the development of diseases such as powdery mildew and Fusarium head blight (scab).Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus has also been present in some fields, a result of feeding by aphids carrying the virus. Due to warmer-than-normal weather in late winter/early spring, wheat development has been two to three weeks ahead of normal and growers should expect an early harvest. In areas where head blight has developed, growers should adjust combines properly clean out lighter grains impacted by scab.According to this University of Missouri article, research performed by the Ohio State University showed that adjust fan speeds between 1,375 and 1,475 rpm and shutter opening to 3.5 inches resulted in the lowest discounts at elevators due to low test weight, damaged kernels, and mycotoxin levels in grain. Extreme cold weather in March caused freeze damage to wheat heads, which has resulted in blank heads and could significantly impact yields. Wheat producers should walk fields prior to harvest to determine if head scab and/or freeze damage has impacted their wheat and to assess the extent of the damage.last_img read more

Microsoft Releases iPhone to Windows Phone App Migration Tool

first_imgMicrosoft announced today via its Windows Phone Developer Blog the release of a new tool designed to help developers migrate iPhone applications to the Windows Phone 7 platform. While Microsoft reminds developers that there’s “no magic wand that will do the work for you,” the new iPhone/iOS to Windows Phone 7 API mapping tool will make the process far less painful.The API mapping tool is available at http://windowsphone.interoperabilitybridges.com, alongside a 90+ page white paper called “Windows Phone 7 Guide for iPhone Applications Developers.” The site also features videos of “developer stories” and a compilation of other resources developers need to get started.Specifically, the API mapping tool functions something like a dictionary, says Microsoft, allowing developers to pick out their iOS API calls then look up the equivalent classes, methods and notification events in WP7. Developers can search a given iOS API call and find the equivalent WP7 along with C# sample codes and API documentations for both platforms, explains Microsoft’s JC Cimetiere in the blog post.These code samples let developers migrate “short blobs” of iOS code to the equivalent C# code.To start, there are three popular categories of iOS APIs that can be mapped with the tool: Network/Internet, User Interface and Data Management. There cannot be a mapping of all APIs, though, because the platforms are different architectures and have different UIs. However, Microsoft promises more APIs will be mapped soon.Microsoft also says similar tools for Android are on their way, too. Tags:#apps#How To#Microsoft#mobile The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology Related Posts Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfacescenter_img Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement sarah perez What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech …last_img read more

“Side Hustle” Jobs for Military Spouses: Part 1

first_imgBy Carol Church It can be tough for military spouses to maintain an active and productive career. As inventive, determined, and hard-working as these wives and husbands are, they face some roadblocks, including:Wary employers. Though it shouldn’t be a factor, some people shy away from hiring someone they perceive as a “short-timer.”Isolated locations. Sometimes spouses may be living in “the middle of nowhere,” with few good opportunities within commuting range.Additional family and child care responsibilities. When a spouse is deployed, every home, pet, or parenting emergency tends to land on the spouse at home. Jobs with long or strict hours may not work.Variable job markets, licensing requirements, or work landscapes. After a move, it may be the case that old skills don’t apply, can’t be transferred, or require more training, testing, or investment.Emotional stress from deployment. If the spouse’s job is mentally, physically, or emotionally demanding, combining this with deployment stress may just feel like too much.Taken together, these challenges can be enough to make it hard or even impossible to find a full-time, salaried position. It’s also true that many military spouses don’t want to work full-time, particularly when raising children.However, there may still be a need and desire to make some money, get out of the house, or experience the other benefits working can bring. This is where the creative “side hustle” can shine.Photospin/Monkey Business ImagesWhat is a Side Hustle?While there are a lot of ways to define this and many possible opportunities, we’re thinking of a side hustle as a job or money-making venture that is not your typical long-term, daily, paid position. For some, it may be an additional money-maker on top of other work; for others, it will be their only job. Side jobs could include starting an independent business, offering services or goods through an established marketplace (such as Etsy or DogVacay, among many others), short-term part-time gigs (such as assisting with catering at events), selling items, and many other possibilities.Why Try It?The right side hustle can help a military spouse bring in extra money while also working well with the military lifestyle. This type of work is often:Flexible. They may be able to set their own hours, work only when desired, or work unconventional hours.Location independent. Depending on the type of work, they may be able to bring the job with them anywhere.Rewarding. Many who start a side hustle choose something they feel especially excited about or interested in. Though not every project will be a success, the side hustle can be a great way to do what you loveSelf expanding. A good side hustle can diversify a resume and build new skills.Why It May Not be the Right ChoiceHowever, “side hustling” isn’t for everyone, and starting a business, especially, is not as simple as some would like you to think. Here are some cons military spouses should keep in mind:No benefits or retirement pay: Very few of these positions will provide medical benefits, paid time off, or retirement. While the military offers many benefits, the loss of these perks is still significant.Risk: Business involves risk, and often, upfront capital as well. If the venture fails, they may be out money.Overwork and underpay: It can be very easy to undervalue one’s time, especially when personally invested in a project and working for oneself. And burnout is real.Variable income: As any freelancer can tell you, working for yourself is often a “feast or famine” situation. Some families need a reliable check every two weeks.Difficult clients or customers: When you work for yourself (and sometimes even if you don’t), you may encounter strange, demanding, or difficult clients or customers. Some of them may give you poor reviews or refuse to pay you.In our next installment, we’ll go over finding the right side job, and do’s and don’ts for success.last_img read more

Phoenix holds on as Ginebra comeback fizzles

first_imgMOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Wilson, Matthew Wright, and Jeff Chan each had 19 points to lead the Fuel Masters while Jason Perkins added 12 points.Scottie Thompson led all scorers with 22 points for theGin Kings to go along 13 rebounds. Read Next Chung limps out of Aussie Open but has eyes fixed on future “It’s a good thing we were able to build a big enough lead,” said Phoenix head coach Louie Alas in Filipino. “I think we were almost too cautious of the lead and that’s the difficult part in a team where you’re still trying to build that winning habit.”Ginebra outscored Phoenix, 29-12, in the payoff period but the Fuel Masters’ lead, which was at 75-53 at the end of third quarter,  proved insurmountable.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutThe Fuel Masters snapped a two-game slide for a 3-3 card while sending the Gin Kings reeling to their third straight setback a t2-3 .After slipping to a 26-25 midway through the second quarter, the Fuel Masters pushed the nitrous button and went wild on a 24-3 dash with Willie Wilson scoring six straight to cap it off and give Phoenix a 49-29 lead at halftime. Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding LATEST STORIES Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon Citycenter_img Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Ginebra Gin Kings vs Phoenix Fuel Masters. PBA IMAGESBarangay Ginebra’s comeback effort fell short as Phoenix held on to the 87-82 victory Friday in the PBA Philippine Cup at Smart Araneta Coliseum.The Gin Kings went on a blazing 18-6 run in the final 6:33 after falling behind 81-64, but it just wasn’t enough as the Phoenix had a big enough cushion to subdue the “never say die” spirit.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers View commentslast_img read more

Seatrade Enters Slot Charter Agreement with HapagLloyd

first_imgzoomFor illustrative purposes; Image Courtesy: StreamLines Specialised reefer transporter Seatrade, and its affiliated company StreamLines, have entered into a cooperation deal with Hapag-Lloyd commencing with a slot charter agreement on the US East Coast to Europe trade.As from April 13, 2018, the company started offering weekly services for reefer cargo in containers, from the ports of Savannah, Charleston and Norfolk, into London, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Bremerhaven and Le Havre.Seatrade informed that the transit times in this deal offer a continuation of the fast direct and dedicated service.“Through this cooperation agreement with Hapag-Lloyd, we will continue to provide USA reefer cargo shippers and European receivers with the highest quality of service and customer care together with fast transit times and first-class equipment,” Seatrade said.They added that the agreement allows an expansion of port options and provision of multiple vessel calls weekly, giving shippers even more frequency and flexibility.last_img read more

Celebrities Honor UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award Winner

first_imgBritish singer Dido and other acclaimed musicians from around the world took part in the recent tribute in Geneva to this year’s Nansen Refugee Award winner, Congolese nun Angélique Namaika, as other celebrities used social media to praise the laureate and highlight her work.Also performing at the presentation ceremony for the prestigious UNHCR award were Grammy Award-nominated musicians Amadou and Mariam from Mali and Malaysian singer-songwriter Yuna. The widely read Brazilian author Paolo Coelho gave a keynote address before UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres handed the Nansen Medal to Sister Angélique.The Nansen Refugee Award honours extraordinary service to the forcibly displaced. Sister Angélique Namaika, a 46-year-old Roman Catholic nun, was recognized for her key role in helping more than 2,000 women who had been victims of the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army in and around the remote town of Dungu in north-east Democratic Republic of the Congo.Most had been forcibly displaced and suffered abuse, including rape. Through her Centre for Reintegration and Development, the Sister helped them recover from trauma, learn a trade and become self-sufficient.Global star Dido said it was an honour to meet and play for the Nansen Award winner. “Many of the women Sister Angélique helps have been through the most appalling abuse and to do what she does with so little is humbling,” she said. The women and girls who come to Sister Angélique tell her stories of abduction, forced labour, beatings, murder, rape and other human rights abuses.Amadou and Mariam also had high praise for the winner. “So many families have suffered because of violence in DR Congo and it was an honour to perform for someone who has helped so many vulnerable women and girls. A great evening,” they said in a statement.Malaysian singer-songwriter Yuna, who is making a global name for herself, said she was “deeply proud” to have performed at the 2013 Nansen presentation ceremony. “It was a privilege to be part of the ceremony that honours the extraordinary humanitarian work of individuals helping refugees.”Celebrities also took to social media to highlight the achievements of Sister Angélique. These included Stephen Fry, Yoko Ono, Peter Gabriel, Paula Abdul, Neil Gaiman and Amanda Palmer, Luol Deng, Kat Graham, Khaled Hosseini, Iman, Alek Wek, Bastian Baker and Henning Mankell, bringing the Nansen message to an potential social media audience of more than 95 million worldwide.UNHCR Special Envoy Angelina Jolie issued a special message to honour the Nansen laureate: “I warmly congratulate Sister Angélique Namaika, this year’s Nansen Refugee Award laureate, for her outstanding and truly inspiring work to support vulnerable displaced women and children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Nansen Refugee Award recognizes her extraordinary contribution and the manner in which she has positively impacted the lives of thousands of displaced people in the DRC. Sister Angélique’s work can also help to draw attention to the devastating effects of rape and sexual violence and the need for justice and help for survivors.”Source:UNHCRlast_img read more